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Home >> Opinion
UPDATED: 13:08, August 03, 2006
50 foreigners shaping China's modern development
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Throughout China's time-honored history, the era that began in 1840 was characterized with the biggest, fastest, most fierce and complicated changes. There were many foreigners that could have influence upon China in this very period, but generally speaking, 50 of them could doubtlessly best demonstrate the epochal features that China collided with the world.

Arranged according to the date of birth, the 50 foreigners are:

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778): Swiss-French philosopher, writer, political theorist and thinker;

George Macartney (1737 - 1806): British diplomat;

Thomas Robert Malthus (1766 - 1834): British political economist and founder of population theory;

Charles Elliot (1801 - 1875): Chief Superintendent of the trade of British subjects to China during Opium War;

Hans Andersen (1805 - 1875): Well-known Danish writer of fairy tales;

Charles Darwin (1809 - 1875): Famous British Naturalist;

Karl Marx (1818 - 1883): German philosopher, thinker, social scientist and political theorist;

Friedrich Engels (1820 - 1895): German philosopher, thinker and political theorist;

John Glasgow Kerr (1824 - 1901): Follower of Presbyterian Church (USA);

William Alexander Parsons Martin (1827 - 1916): U.S.' Protestant missionary to China;

Henrik Ibsen (1828 - 1906): great Norwegian playwright;

Alfred Graf Von Waldersee (1832 - 1904): German army man and Commander in chief of Eight-Power Allied Force in August 1900;

Hobert Hart (1835 - 1911): General Commissioner of Customs to China for half century;

Ito Hirobumi (1841 - 1909): Japanese statesman;

Timothy Richard (1845 - 1919): British missionary;

Arthur Henderson Smith (1854 - 1932): American Congregational Church missionary to China;

Silas Aaron Hardoon (1849 - 1931): Richest Jewish businessman specialising in real estate through plundering China's wealth before national liberation in 1949;

Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939): Austrian originator of psychoanalysis;

Rabindranath Tagore (1861 - 1941): One of India's greatest poet, writer, artist as well as social activist;

Mcmahon (1862 - 1949): British officer who took part in Simla Convention in early 20th century with an aim of separating Tibet from China;

Marie Curie (1876 - 1934): First woman Nobel Prize winner;

Maksim Gorky (1868 - 1936): Great proletarian writer of former Soviet Union;

Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924): Founder of former Soviet Union and Communism;

John D. Rockefeller, Jr (1874 - 1960): Son of the creator of Standard Oil and philanthropist;

Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (1879 - 1953): Great former Soviet Union leader;

Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955): German-born American physicist;

Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940): One of the earliest leaders of Russia and Soviet Union;

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882 - 1945): 23rd U.S. president;

Okamura Yasuji (1884 - 1966): Commander in chief of Japanese troop stationed in China;

Mikhail Markovich Borodin (1884 - 1951): Envoy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to China;

Nehru (1889 - 1964): Former chairman of India National Congress;

Norman Bethune (1890 - 1939): Great internationalist from Canada;

Harland Sanders (1890 - 1980): Founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC);

Nikita Khrushchev (1894 - 1971): Former premier of the Soviet Union;

Matsusita Kounosuke (1894 - 1989): Founder of Panasonic, world's renown household appliance in Japan;

Armand Hammer (1898 - 1990): President of America's Occidental Petroleum

Hirohito (1901 - 1989): Emperor of Japan;

Otto Braun (Li De in Chinese) (1901 - 1974): Military advisor Communist International of Germany to China;

Ivan V. Arkhipov (1907 - 1998): Vice minister of Metallurgy in former Soviet Union;

Kim Il Sung (1912 - 1994): Founder of Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK);

Richard Milhous Nixon (1913 - 1994): One of the most influential presidents in American history;

Tanaka Kakuei (1918 �C 1993): Former Japanese prime minister and most powerful and aggressive faction leader in the LDP;

Juan Antonio Samaranch (1920 - ): Former IOC president and social activist from Spain;

Henry Alfred Kissinger (1923 - ): Former U.S. National Security Advisor and Secretary of State;

Alvin Toffler (1928 - ): American sociologist;

Ken Takakura (1931 - ): Famous Japanese actor;

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (1931 - ): President of former Soviet Union;

Steven Spielberg (1947 - ): Famous Hollywood movie director;

Bill Gates (1955 - ): Founder of software giant Microsoft;

Michael Jordan (1963 - ): American basketball legend.

By People's Daily Online


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