Two more countries including Ghana and Kenya are to join Uganda in aerial spraying in a bid to implement African Union (AU) eradication program against tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis in the continent, an official said here on Tuesday.
"Kenya, Uganda and Ghana are to start aerial spraying of tsetseflies immediately. The other tsetse infected countries in sub-Saharan Africa will follow the same path," said John Kabayo, the coordinator of Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign of AU Commission.
Kabayo said that aerial spraying is more effective, cheaper in eradicating tsetse flies, vectors responsible for the spread of sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in livestock as compared tothe traps and other methods.
Uganda announced last week that it would start aerial spraying to curb the spread of sleeping sickness in the country this year.
Tsetse flies transmit the trypanosomiasis through bite, which causes sleeping sickness and nagana.
While addressing participants attending the 30th international scientific council for trypanosomiasis research and control conference here, Kabayo said Botswana, Tanzania and Namibia, which used the method, have been declared Tsetse free.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni on Monday urged experts meeting here to devise effective means of eradicating tsetse flies and eliminating sleeping sickness and nagana which he said were stalling Africa's attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.
Kabayo revealed that six African countries of Ghana, Ethiopia, Uganda, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Mali have received 70 million U.S. dollars in soft loan from the African Development Bank for tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication.
The heads of African states and governments in a summit held in Lome, Togo in 2000 made a historic decision to eradicate tsetse and trypanosomiasis from the African continent.