MADRID, Sept. 11 (Xinhua) -- A report published Tuesday by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said 23.7 percent of Spanish youth aged 15-29 are neither in school nor working in 2010.
The report, "Education at a Glance 2012", said the figure represents nearly eight points above the OECD countries' average of 15.8 percent.
The rate of young people in this situation increased by seven points from 2008 to 2012, which is the highest figure only after Turkey.
Spain spends more per student than the OECD countries average, 21 percent more, and however academic results on international tests are much lower.
The report says that Spain could improve their performance in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) if its school system includes external tests for students. It also points out that the Spanish centers have little autonomy to take decisions regarding resource and personnel management.
The report highlights that the unemployment rate for youth aged over 25 is 28.6 percent (8.6 percent above the European average). Young people aged between 20 and 24 suffer a 27.4 percent unemployment rate. Furthermore, young people with higher education also have an unemployment rate above the OECD countries' average.
The report warns that the cuts carried out in education due to the economic crisis could hinder access to higher education for people having financial problems.
In Spain, youth people who neither work nor study are known as the generation ni-ni (ni estudian, ni trabajan; they neither study nor work). The crisis has increased this trend due to the lack of work in Spain.
The country suffers the highest unemployment rate in Europe.
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