After provoking the Diaoyu Islands dispute, Japan has turned a deaf ear to the Cairo Declaration and the Potsdam Proclamation which established the post-World War II international order, but repeatedly used the San Francisco Peace Treaty to support its claim to the islands. It claimed that the Diaoyu Islands were not part of the territory Japan renounced under Article 2 of the treaty, but rather Japanese territory first placed under a U.S. trusteeship under Article 3 of the treaty and later returned to Japan according to the Okinawa Reversion Agreement.
The San Francisco Peace Treaty is actually of little help to Japan's illegal claim. First, the controversial peace treaty was signed between Japan and only part of the Allied Powers excluding the Soviet Union and China which had made significant contributions and sacrifices to the victory of the anti-fascist war. Furthermore, the treaty is in serious violation of the spirit of the Cairo Declaration and the Potsdam Proclamation.
Second, the San Francisco Peace Treaty does not point to the conclusion that the Diaoyu Islands belong to Japan. Under Article 2 of the treaty, "Japan renounces all right, title, and claim to Taiwan and the Pescadores." "Taiwan" here naturally includes the Diaoyu Islands.
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