China's waste incineration power generation industry faces both a historic opportunity and unprecedented challenges as trash outputs continue to grow in urban areas while government policy supports pave the way for the industry's development.
According to the 12th Five-Year Plan for the construction of garbage disposal facilities, total investment in the field is expected to reach 263.6 billion yuan ($42.21 billion) between 2011 and 2015. Meanwhile, installed capacity for biomass-generated electricity is projected to reach 13 million kilowatts by 2015, with 3 million kilowatts coming from waste incineration.
Additionally, in April of this year, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China's top economic planner, set the benchmark price of garbage-incinerated electricity at 0.65 yuan per kilowatt-hour.
Yet, despite investment and supportive policies, the government still needs to issue regulations to minimize pollution and address problems with waste sorting. For the health of the industry, an integrated management system should be established to standardize garbage recycling, disposal, transportation and power generation, and the public should also be given access to information about the waste incineration process.
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