China has to fund more R&D into new technologies to cash in on limited global economic growth over the next two decades
History tells us that the application and popularization of new technologies result in a cycle of global economic growth and the world economy enters a period of recession or adjustments once the new technologies cease to be the driving force of productivity. After that, a new technological revolution is needed to pull the global economy out of recession and lead it toward recovery and growth.
The extensive use of computer and information technology in the mid-1980s helped the world economy enjoy relatively high growth, with the average rate reaching 3.5 percent in the 1990s and 2000s. In fact, it recorded 3.9 percent from 2004 to 2007, the highest since the mid-1980s.
But the 2008 global financial crisis interrupted the growth momentum, and for the first time in decades, a negative growth was recorded in 2009. It is still uncertain whether the widely anticipated "third industrial revolution" led by technological breakthroughs in 3D and new energy can pull the global economy out of recession and propel it toward new prosperity. But one thing is certain: Nations that lead the new round of technological revolution will spearhead and even dominate global development in the future.
Aside from new technologies, globalization has also contributed much to global economic growth by deepening the global division of labor and promoting a more reasonable distribution of resources and other factors of production. The global financial crisis, however, has prompted almost every country to resort to trade protectionism to boost their economic development, causing a sharp increase in the number of global trade frictions.
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