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Democratic Parties

Besides the CPC, there are eight other political parties. They are: China Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang, China Democratic League, China Democratic National Construction Association, China Association for the Promotion of Democracy, Chinese Peasants and Workers' Democratic Party, China Zhi Gong Dang, Jiusan Society, and Taiwan Democratic Self-government League. Most of them came into being and developed during the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation. They supported the CPC leadership politically, and this was the historic choice they made during the long years when they cooperated and fought side by side with the CPC. These democratic parties enjoy political freedom, organizational independence and lawful equality within the fixed scope of the Constitution of the state. The basic principle of the cooperation between the CPC and the other parties is long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal and woe.

The democratic parties are neither parties out of office nor opposition parties. They are parties fully participating in the political life of the nation. At present, all the standing committees of the people's congresses, the committees of the CPPCC and government agencies at all levels and the economic, cultural, educational, scientific and technological and other departments have members of the democratic parties as leaders. For instance, the current chairpersons of the eight democratic parties' central committees hold the posts of vice-chairpersons of the NPC Standing Committee and the CPPCC National Committee. The ranks of the democratic parties have also swelled. All the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and large and medium cities now have local and basic organizations of the democratic parties.

In November and December 2002, the eight democratic parties held their own national congresses, in which they adopted their own constitutional amendments, and elected the central committees of the new term.

The Eight Democratic Parties

Name

Date of Foundation

Main Constituents

Membership

Chairperson of Central Committee

China Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang   

January 1948

Former Kuomintang members and people having historical connections with the Kuomintang

65,000

He Luli

China Democratic League          

October 1941

Higher and mid-level intellectuals

156,000

Ding Shisun

China Democratic National Construction Association    

December 1945

Specialists, scholars and other people in the economic field      

85,000

Cheng Siwei

China Association for the Promotion of Democracy

December 1945

Intellectuals working in educational, cultural, scientific, publishing      and other fields

81,000

Xu Jialu

Chinese Peasants and Workers' Democratic Party      

August 1930

Higher and mid-level intellectuals in medical, cultural, educational, and science and technology fields  

Some 80,000

Jiang Zhenghua

China Zhi Gong Dang                                  

October 1925

Returned overseas Chinese, relatives of overseas Chinese, and       representative individuals and specialists and scholars with overseas connections

Some 20,000      

Luo Haocai

Jiusan Society       

December 1944

Higher and mid-level intellectuals working in science and technology, culture, education, andpublic health

Some 80,000

Han Qide

Taiwan Democratic Self-government League

November 1947

People born or with family roots in Taiwan Province currently residing on the mainland 

Some 1,800

Zhang Kehui

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