BEIJING, Feb. 28 (Xinhua) -- In March, a new generation of leaders for China's state organs and top political advisory body will come into power.
The reshuffle will be completed at the first annual session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC), which is scheduled to begin on March 5, and the first annual session of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), which will commence on March 3.
The meetings mark another major political event following the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in November 2012.
According to a suggested agenda approved last December by the 11th NPC Standing Committee, the first annual session of the 12th NPC will elect a chairperson, vice chairpersons, secretary-general and members for the 12th NPC Standing Committee, as well as the country's president and vice president.
It will also decide the premier and vice premiers of the State Council, or China's cabinet, as well as state councilors, ministers for government departments, ministers in charge of commissions of the State Council, the governor of the People's Bank of China and an auditor-general, as well as the State Council's secretary-general.
In addition, the session will determine the chairperson, vice chairpersons and members of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China (PRC), as well as the heads of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
The first annual session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee is set to elect the CPPCC National Committee's new leadership.
Observers believe that the power transition promises forceful leadership, as well as organizational and personnel guarantees for China's development over the next five years.
It will further push forward the implementation of major policies and principles proposed during the 18th CPC National Congress.
Based on relevant provisions, the NPC presidium nominates candidates for the chairperson, vice chairpersons, secretary-general and members of the NPC Standing Committee, as well as the state president and vice president, chairperson of the PRC Central Military Commission and the heads of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
The president nominates candidates for State Council premier.
The premier nominates candidates for the State Council's vice premiers, state councilors, ministers for government departments, ministers in charge of commissions of the State Council, governor of the People's Bank of China and auditor-general, as well as the State Council's secretary-general.
The chairperson of the PRC Central Military Commission nominates candidates for vice chairpersons and members of the Central Military Commission.
The 18th CPC National Congress said that at this stage, the CPC's task should be ensuring the formation of a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020, making the next five years highly important.
The Party congress unveiled a new CPC leadership, with Xi Jinping elected general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission.
The upcoming unveiling of the new generation of state leaders and CPPCC leaders has drawn wide attention, said Xie Chuntao, a professor at the Party School of the CPC Central Committee.
It is believed that the new leadership will be a group that is well-educated and has experienced the entire process of reform and opening up, Xie said.
It is believed that they will unswervingly adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and vigorously promote reform and opening up, Xie added.
The past decade has seen rapid development in China.
Huang Jihua, a 51-year-old villager from east China's Anhui Province, is one of many Chinese who have benefited from the country's progress.
Through farming, Huang now makes an annual net income of nearly 1 million yuan (160,700 U.S. dollars), a sharp contrast to the less than 10,000 yuan he made annually back in the 1990s.
The Chinese government abolished agricultural taxes in 2006 and has provided farmers with subsidies in order to make their profession profitable, Huang said.
More than 800 million people across the country have joined the new rural cooperative medical system, facilitating medical service in rural areas.
Huang has big hopes for the new state leaders.
He said he was happy to see Xi Jinping's visit to poor rural areas broadcast on television. "I hope future state leaders will help to further boost farmers' incomes," he said.
In 2004, the central government spent 262.6 billion yuan on rural and agricultural development. In 2011, the figure was more than 1 trillion yuan, registering an average annual growth rate of 21 percent.
China has also made continuous progress in social security and health care.
Over the past decade, China has surpassed Britain, France, Germany and Japan to become the world's second-largest economy after the United States.
Some difficulties still remain for Huang, though.
As the farming season approaches, he is now in urgent need of money to acquire more land.
"I hope the government will roll out new financial policies for rural areas and beef up support for people like me who are adept at and keen about farming," he said.
The new leaders of China will face a variety of challenges from both home and abroad.
According to an ongoing survey conducted by Xinhuanet, an online news portal operated by the Xinhua News Agency, Chinese netizens expect top leaders to ensure sustained economic development, fight corruption, protect the environment, narrow the income gap, curb housing price rises and push forward housing registration reform.
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